Health Care Services Available During Temporary Stay in Hungary
Based on the guidelines of the National Health Insurance Service www.oep.hu/
Below, you can find information how to seek health insurance services during your temporary stay in Hungary.
- Residents of EEA (European Economic Area) countries and Switzerland
- Entitlement certificates
- How to use the European Health Insurance Card in Hungary
- Lack of EHIC
- Planned Treatment
- Bilateral Agreements on Social Policy and/or Health Care
1. Residents of EEA (Europe Economic Area) countries and Switzerland
Residents of the European Union, Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland, who are entitled to health care of the national health service or mandatory health insurance scheme of their respective countries of residence, can receive in Hungary the health care
- which becomes necessary
- on medical grounds
- during temporary stay in Hungary
- taking into account the nature of the benefits required and the expected length of stay.
The treatment, which becomes medically necessary during the patient's temporary stay in Hungary is free of charge.
In case of doubt the health care provider decides whether the needed treatment is medically necessary during the expected duration of the stay in Hungary. However, by virtue of decisions of the European Commission (n° 2004/481/EC and 2004/482/EC), all treatments are deemed necessary in case of
- oxygen therapy and
- pregnancy and childbirth
2. Entitlement certificates
For getting the treatment in the same conditions as Hungarian insured persons, an European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) or the Provisional Replacement Certificate (PRC) must be submitted to the health care provider.
3. How to use the European Health Insurance Card in Hungary
- You need both the European Health Insurance Card and your passport or ID card.
You can only obtain treatment from surgeries, which have a sign saying they are contracted with the National Health Insurance Fund. The inscription is generally as follows:
"a társadalombiztosítás egészségügyi szolgáltatásaira szerződött szolgáltató".
If you need necessary medically treatment, it is advised to see a general practitioner (GP - "háziorvos") first. The GP decides whether further specialised out- or inpatient treatment is necessary and will issue a referral.
The specialised outpatient care, typically available at outpatient centres ("szakrendelő"), is rendered generally upon referral. However, you may seek outpatient care without referral if the treatment relates to dermatology, gynaecology, urology, otolaryngology, ophthalmology, oncology or general surgery.
The following dental treatments are available at dentists contracted with the National Health Insurance Fund (OEP) in case of necessity:
- emergency care
- on the basis of specialist's referral, and treatment related to any basic dental or oral diseases
- tooth preserving treatments
- dental surgery treatment
- gums diseases.
It is to note that the costs of materials are generally to be borne by the patients.
Where a doctor or dentist issues a prescription, it should be taken to the pharmacy, where the EHIC shall be submitted as well. Subsidies on medicines can vary according to disease and type of product. The subsidy is provided directly to the pharmacy, so the amount you will have to pay at the purchase of the prescribed medicine is a "co-payment" and therefore it is not refundable.
Hospital treatment is normally provided through a referral from a GP. In urgent cases no referral is necessary.
A co-payment of 30 per cent but maximum HUF 100 000 is due
- when obtaining hospital treatment without a referral from a primary health care provider,
- when using a health care provider other than the one specified in the referral by the prescribing doctor or
- if you chose to be treated by a doctor who is not on duty at the time of the treatment.
For extra services (better room, meal etc.) additional charges are applied by hospitals.
Private charges for seeing a doctor or dentist and co-payment for hospital services and pharmaceuticals are not refundable.
(It is to note that most dentists advertising themselves are not contracted for the services of the Hungarian health insurance; if dentists are contracted to health insurance services, they only provide emergency dental treatment and eventually tooth filling when needed).
If you are treated privately in a hospital, none of the charges are refundable.
EHIC in General
The European Health Insurance Card is required for each episode of treatment. It must be submitted to the physician treating you, or at the patient's registration desk in hospitals or outpatient medical centres.
4. Lack of EHIC
If the insured person cannot produce an EHIC while seeking necessary health care in Hungary, the health care provider can accept a retroactively issued PRC as well. The PRC must be submitted by the patient or forwarded via fax at latest within 15 days following the treatment. If a PRC cannot be produced either in due time, the health care provider charges a fee for the treatment and issues an invoice. A refund of the invoiced amount is not possible in Hungary; however, the patient can apply for a reimbursement according to Hungarian tariffs from his/her competent health insurance institution after returning home.
5. Planned Treatment
If the EEA or Swiss resident wishes to receive a planned medical treatment in Hungary at the expenses of his/her competent health insurance institution, or enters Hungary with the purpose of getting health care, a prior authorisation is required. The competent institution certifies its consent on a form E 112. This form has to be submitted to the health care provider in order to get the treatment with the same conditions as Hungarian insured persons. An EHIC is not acceptable in such circumstances.
Persons insured in Croatia, as well as their dependant family members are entitled to urgent health care services during their stay in Hungary under the same conditions as Hungarian insured persons. The immediately necessary treatments can be sought by submitting a HR/HU 111 certificate. This form is issued on request by the competent regional office (područni ured) of the Croatian Health Insurance Institution (HZZO).
7. Bilateral Agreement on Social policy and/or Health Care
The citizens of the following States can receive health care in immediately necessary cases. The document certifying the entitlement is the PASSPORT only.
- Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of)
- North Korea (Peoples' Democratic Republic of Korea)
Other States of the Commonwealth of Independent States (Содружества Независимых Государств)
Citizens and/or residents of countries, which are not part of the European Economic Area and which don't have bilateral agreements with Hungary on the provision of health care, have to pay full price for the health care services rendered in Hungary. According to the Hungarian legislation, the health care provider can set the fee basically freely; therefore the Hungarian National Health Insurance has no influence on the amount of fee charged. However, in order to avoid discrimination, it is important that the health care provider applies consequently the same fee for the same service. For this purpose, most health care providers have established price lists that can be consulted before the treatment.
Important phone numbers
Fire Department: 105
For any help: 112
All these numbers are free to call.
Kaposi Mór County Hospital: Ambulance 06-82-501-300; Dentist: 06-82-311-005
For mental help: SOS-life: 06-80-505-390; Help in Telphone: 08-82-415-875; Anonymous AIDS Advice: 06-1 466-92-83
Helping assistant: 188
International Inquiries: 199
In Hungary most medicines require a prescription, but over-the-counter medicines are available. Pharmacies/chemist's sell both prescription and non-prescription medicines and medications are not usually sold in other places suchas supermaket.
Healthy eating: A new climate, unfamiliar food and the emotional stress of being away from home can all affect your health. It is vital that you eat the right food, and enough of it, in order to stay healthy. To achieve a balanced diet you should make sure you eat something from each of the following food groups every day:
- bread, rice, pasta or cereals
- milk, cheese, yoghurt
- fresh fruit and vegetables
- meat, fish, eggs, lentils, nuts or beans
Food plays a surprisingly large part in helping us feel settled and happy, so it is worth spending a bit of time finding out what food suits you. You may be cooking for yourself for the first time and may not find this easy, but you may find that there are many people in a similar situation as you. Most bookshops stock a wide range of cookery books with helpful recipe ideas and perhaps you may want to get together with other students to cook something together every now and then.
You may find the weather is very different from what you are used to in your home country so you should make sure that you wear clothes that are suitable. In summer it is better if you bring some light clothes, some jumpers and water-resistant shoes for rain.
Hungary has a temperate continental climate that is influenced by three main factors: the Eastern- European continental, the Western-European oceanic and the Mediterranean influence. For details about actual daily weather in Hungary and weather forecast, we have collected for you the best weather forecast websites.
www.qwikcast.com ; www.weather.com
Here are substantial differences among the averages temperatures of the four seasons.
In summer you may have weather-related symptoms such as:
- Headache: It is a good idea to bring suitable medicines. In Hungary the weather can change quite easily.
- Getting sunburnt: It is really dangerous, especially if you are coming from a northern country, you have to be really careful. You should wear a hat and try to avoid the sunshine. If you feel sick, immediately call an ambulance.
- Ticks are blood-feeding parasites that are often found in tall grass and shourbs where they will wait to attach to a passing host. (Not in the house, or in the city!!) Ticks are important vectors of diseases, including Lyme disease. To remove a tick use a small set of tweezers, made especially for ticks. You can buy one in a pharmacy. To avoid ticks, you can buy sparys or lotion, maybe immunization. In Somogy county ticks are wide- spread, if you are going on a trip be careful, avoid the tall grass, and wear closed clothes, after the trip, examine yourself.
- Kaposvár is a small city and relatively safe to live in but a few simple precautions will help make your stay in here safer.
- Never walk home on your own at night. Take a taxi, or bus. At night stay with a friend or group of friends. Never accept lifts from strangers.
- Always let someone know where you are going.
- Do not carry a lot of cash with you, and keep your purse and mobile phone in a safe place and out of sight.
- Take care of your possessions at all times, especially important documents like your passport, and do not leave them lying around.
- Keep photocopies of your passport, visa stamps, and insurance documents separately, in case the original gets lost, damaged or stolen.